Activity 2: Selection of representative farms to characterize current and potential carbon stocks, plant and soil biodiversity and hydrological ecosystem services.
Activity 3: Application of farmer surveys and participatory methods to assess the sociological and economic characteristics at each study site.
Activity 4: Analysis of data to determine socioeconomic baseline characteristics in selected farms.
Activity 5: Development of participatory synthetics indicators of sustainability and calculate them at farm and landscape level and validation of proposed sustainability indicators
Activity 6: Validation of proposed sustainability indicators
Activity 2: Prediction of shifts in suitable growth ranges of plant species growing in the agricultural frontier using a set of crop niche models (MAXENT, Ecocrop, etc) and/or crop growth models software and the present and future climatic conditions. The model will be validated with local information.
Activity 3: Identification of areas where the provision of water-related ecosystem services could be greatly affected by climate change, by means of hydrological modeling considering current land uses and climatic conditions vs. expected changes in land use/cover and climatic conditions.
Activity 2: Validation of production systems, proposed jointly with farmers, in terms of its compatibility with expected changes in the suitability of crops and in water regimes under the forecast changes in climate.
Activity 3: Cost-Benefit analysis from a private and social perspective of designed landscapes and respective land use alternatives compared to the current land uses. This will consider the potential effect of reducing GHG, on water ecosystem services and the benefits of adapting landscapes to plausible impacts of climate change. The benefits of conserving biodiversity and hydrological services will be quantified via economic valuation.
Activity 4: Results will be synthesized in an adaptation cost curve and used to inform national policy.
Activity 5: Cost-Benefit analysis of public intervention measures that facilitate the scaling up of designed alternatives and prioritization of these measures based on cost-efficiency curves, at the light of transition pathways towards sustainable development.
Activity 6: Training to technical advisors of subnational and national policy makers in cost-benefit analysis of local and national interventions to improve adaptation capacities.
Activity 7: Training of, and continued knowledge exchange with, farmers to ensure understanding of their common goals and principles of proposed land use options.
Activity 8: Implementation of pilots of proposed sustainable land uses by providing technical support, in kind or monetary support and continued dialogue with stakeholders
Activity 9: Creation and socialization of a network of farms with land use-based adaptation measures that serve to implement field days where a Farmer to farmer strategy is in place to disseminate knowledge on the likely effects of climate change in this region and the implemented sustainable land use systems and practices designed in these pilot farms.
Activity 10: Implementation of a monitoring protocol to measure indicators to enable ongoing verification of the impacts of land use-based adaptation alternatives on carbon stocks, water services and socioeconomic conditions.
Activity 11: Design of a system that will measure the efficiency of grass root initiatives in terms of GHG accounting.
Activity 2: Development of an integrated concept, to identify, characterize and analyze potential transition pathways towards sustainability in the Amazon region, using a whole-of-system approach.
Activity 3: Expert workshops to adjust the framework to local and regional/departmental (subnational) requirements and settings to assess how to optimize local livelihood resources and income generation with sustainable development of tropical forest resources.
Activity 4: Development and analysis of potential development pathways, permitting the identification of trade-offs between pathways; identification of potential feedbacks and side-effects of different strategies.
Activity 2: For the study sites, the terra-I model will be validated with information gathered in the field in order to apply the model at a more detailed scale. The results of the model could be visualized freely from its web-site.
Activity 3: Development of an accounting system that will measure the efficiency of gross root initiatives in terms of GHG accounting
Activity 4: Establishment of a reporting system that helps to monitor emissions and to implement a transferable and transparent accounting system.